• Ashu Bisht

Can We Evaluate Democracy in India as a Success or Failure?

India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, but when we talk about India as a nation, it is still young. It is the second-most populous country with a population of 11,392,531,169 (as of Saturday, June 5, 2021, based on the Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations Data), the seventh-largest country by land area and the most populous democracy in the world.

Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it stated itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution of India which was framed on 26th January 1950.

India is considered a great experiment in democracy as it operates at a large scale in comparison to other countries. However, the question of whether Indian democracy is truly successful or not remains to be answered as there are varied viewpoints on the issue.

“Success or failure of democracy is an objective opinion and evaluating it won’t do justice. In this article, you can read about some major points which can help you analyze democracy.”

What makes Indian democracy a success?

Keeping a populous country together is difficult, but India managed to keep itself as one entity, and thus we can say that democracy in India is a success. India has come a long way after independence. It has a strong record in successfully managing different tasks and on a big scale. It has repeatedly conducted elections for hundreds of millions of voters without any national dispute.

Minorities or the disadvantaged sectors are represented in parliament which enabled inclusive growth. The Indian government has launched several initiatives like Right To Education, Public Distribution System, and so on to provide physical as well as social security to disadvantaged people. Legislations such as RTI and Lokpal have given a chance to common people to proclaim their rights. It is the best sign of the success of the country as a democracy.

India has also managed well when it comes to the economy. India’s democratic constitution successfully balanced the development and the welfare of the country. There are still problems like poverty, unemployment, and food insecurity, but India is considered one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.

What makes Indian democracy a failure?

Though we have seen a lot of development in the country, India has performed poorly in basic public services such as providing primary education, public health, water, sanitation, and environmental quality. The rise in crimes and violence in India is a sign of the failure of democracy. Punishments for criminals are not quick or severe.

The research literature on India has several discussions on the failure to meaningful outcomes, weak implementation, or rent-seeking behavior of the politicians and bureaucrats. Though people have the power to vote, different politicians are manipulating people in the name of caste, welfare schemes, or even freebies.

Even getting justice is not at all easy in India. You can see many cases which are pending in courts for years. The victims are forced to suffer throughout by visiting the courts many times.


Indian democracy is debatable in terms of success and failure. Though we have progressed a lot as a country, in many scenarios we are still stuck somewhere. People are expressing their views throughout protest when the government makes a new law or alters an existing law, which is a sign of the success of democracy in India. But the government has to make more strong decisions to deepening democracy.